February 14

Cirrus, monk, and John (d. ca. 303) martyrs

Today the Coptic Church commemorates the monk Cirrus and his brother John, who were martyred during the reign of Diocletian together with the three virgins Theodora, Theodossia, and Theopista, and their mother Athanasia.
According to ancient hagiographers, John was a soldier, and Cirrus was a doctor who had left the medical practice to enter a monastery. They were both natives of Alexandria, but lived near Antioch.
When persecution broke out under Diocletian, they returned to Alexandria, where they encouraged Athanasia and her three daughters to remain steadfast in confessing their faith.
Around the year 303 tensions increased, and there were mass arrests. Cirrus, John, and the four women were sentenced to death, tortured, and decapitated on the same day. Their bodies were first taken to St. Mark's Church in Alexandria, and then transferred to the outskirts of the great African metropolis Menouthis. Their tomb there became one of the most popular sanctuaries in the early Church. The Alexandrian neighborhood where their tomb had been located is still called Abukir, after the name of Cirrus, who has always been venerated as a great healer because of the reputation he earned during his lifetime as a doctor of the poor.
The relics of Cirrus and John are held in Rome, where there are several churches dedicated to the two Egyptian martyrs.


They now rest in this sepulcher. Nobly they faced martyrdom for Christ's name, and for him they laid down their lives. Their relics were deposed together in one place, and because we could not distinguish one body from the other, we decided to take both and transfer them to the church of the Holy Evangelists, where we gave them a tomb as befits martyrs. In the future, if God is willing, we will continue to come together to honor both the holy Evangelists and the blessed martyrs, whose names are Cirrus and John.

From the Homelies of Cyril of Alexandria

Heb 12:3-14; 1 Pet 4:12-19; Acts 7:44-8:
1; Lk 11:53-12:12


Cyril (d. 869) and Methodius (d. 885), missionaries to the Slaves
Valentine (d. ca. 269), martyr at Rome

Purification of the vergin Mary

Cyril, monk, and Methodius, bishop (Roman and Ambrosian calendars)
Valentine, presbyter and martyr (Spanish Mozarabic calendar)

COPTS AND ETHIOPIANS (6 amsir/yakkatit):
Cyrus and John, martyrs (Chiesa copto-ortodossa)
Mary the sinner, who anointed the Lord at Bethany (Ethiopian Church)

Cyril and Methodius, missionaries in Boemia
Johann Daniel Falk (d. 1826), pedagogue in Saxony

Auxentius of Mount Oxeia (d. 470), presbyter
Maron (d. ca. 410), hermit (Melkite Church)

Mark, apostle and evangelist (Malabar Church)

Cyril, monk, and Methodius, bishop, missionaries